Clear and Peaceful Boat (Qingyan Fang):Initially called the Marble Boat, it was built in the 20th year of Emperor Qianlong’s reign (1755). The 36-meter boat was carved out of huge rocks. There was originally a Chinese-style cabin on the boat, which was burned down by the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. When it was rebuilt in the 19th year of Emperor Guangxu’s reign (1893), the cabin was built in the western style and named the “Clear and Peaceful Boat” pursuant to the saying “Let the river be clear and the sea be peaceful”.

Suyunyan Chengguan (Tower of Cloud-Retaining Eaves) :Originally built during Emperor Qianlong’s reign (1736-1795), this gate tower was also called Beique. Inside the tower, there was once a silver statue of Guan Yu, a historical hero worshiped as a protection-giving god, but it did not survive the ravages of the Anglo-French Allied Forces in 1860. When the Summer Palace was rebuilt during Emperor Guangxu’s reign (1875-1908), a pavilion was erected here with a memorial tablet inside in praise of Guan Yu.

Xing Qiao (Bridge of Banana-Plant): Originally built during Emperor Qianlong’s reign (1736-1795), the pavilion on the bridge was burned down in 1860 by the Anglo-French Allied Forces. It was rebuilt during the reign of Emperor Guangxu. Its name came from a line of a song in the “Book of Songs”, which says “Banana-plants are randomly afloat, I will have to pick them up here and there”.

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